The word ‘Boccia’ is derived from the Italian word meaning to bowl, and this family of sports is probably the earliest game ever played by mankind – carvings of Egyptian figures throwing stones have been recorded as early as 5200 BC.
 It was first introduced to the Paralympic Games in 1984 for people with severe cerebral palsy.
 Today, Boccia is a played competitively at national and international level by athletes who require a wheelchair because of their disability.
 The Boccia International Sports Federation (BISFed) will continue to be the International Federation responsible for governing Boccia and for representing the sport on the global stage.
 In Iran, Boccia was first practiced in 2004. Two years later, in 2006, the first group of Iranian athletes were sent to Malaysia to take part in 2006 FESPIC Games and compete against the Asian competitors.
 Currently, Boccia is played in 31 provinces across the country.




Players in this class throw the ball with the hand or foot. They may compete with an assistant who stays outside of the competitor’s playing box, to stabilize or adjust their playing chair and give the ball to the player when requested.


Players in this class throw the ball with the hand. They are not eligible for assistance.


Players in this class have very severe locomotor dysfunction in all four extremities. Players in this class have no sustained grasp or release action and although they may have arm movement, they have insufficient range of movement to propel a Boccia ball onto the court. They may use an assistive device such as a ramp to deliver the ball. They may compete with an assistant; assistants must keep their back to the court and their eyes averted from play.


Players in this class have severe locomotor dysfunction of all four extremities as well as poor trunk control. They can demonstrate sufficient dexterity to throw the ball onto the court. Players are not eligible for assistance.


Watch the introduction to Boccia on Paralympic TV.

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