Saturday, Jul 29, 2023 08:21
National Paralympic Committee of Iran honors the 75th anniversary of International Paralympic Movement.
news| paralympic| 75 YEARS: From 1948 Rehabilitation Wheelchair Archery Match to an Inspiring Movement


Iran NPC, Tehran- On the occasion of the 75th Birth Anniversary of International Paralympic Movement, the National Paralympic Committee of Iran praises all the efforts undertaken by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) to overcome the challenges, expand the Movement all over the world, and to give sporting opportunities to the athletes with disabilities of the entire world to make their Paralympic dreams come true.


War and Peace; Movement’s Birth

During the 1940s a large number of veterans and civilians were suffering due to their mental and physical injuries as the long-term effects of World War II. 

In 1944, at the request of the British Government, Dr. Ludwig Guttmann opened a spinal injuries centre at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Great Britain, and in time, rehabilitation sport evolved to recreational sport and then to competitive sport.

It started in 1948, as a rehabilitation sport competition and became Paralympic Games. The most transformative events on the Earth. 

On 29 July 1948, Sir Ludwig Guttman created the first tournament for wheelchair athletes at Stoke Mandevillle Hospital. He couldn't imagine that in 1960, it would become the first Paralympic Games in Rome.

The event was held to coincide with the Opening Ceremony of the 1948 Olympic Games in London.

It was the first steps of the Movement that goes beyond the sport. It's about inclusion, diversity and a more equal world to everyone. And Paralympic World Family believe this change starts with sport. 

Dr Ludwig Guttmann

Dr. Ludwig Guttmann was a respected Jewish neurosurgeon who had been forced to flee his homeland of Germany in 1939 to escape Nazi persecution. Five years later, he was asked by the British government to open a Spinal Injuries Unit at Stoke Mandeville, intended to treat soldiers and civilians injured during the war. As part of his treatment for the injured veterans, Guttmann promoted sport as a means of physical and mental rehabilitation.

The Stoke Mandeville Games later became the Paralympic Games, which first took place in Rome, Italy, in 1960 featuring 400 athletes from 23 countries.

In 1976 the first Winter Games in Paralympics history were held in Sweden, and as with the Summer Games, have taken place every four years, and include a Paralympics Opening Ceremony and Paralympics Closing Ceremony.

The International Paralympic Committee was founded in 1989 in Dusseldorf, Germany, to act as the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement.


Source: Iran NPC
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